Workplace Health Management (WHM) There are four key components of workplace health management:
Occupational Health and Safety
Workplace Health Promotion
Social and lifestyle determinants of health
Environmental Health Management
In the past policy was frequently driven solely by compliance with legislation. within the new approach to workplace health management, policy development is driven by both legislative requirements and by health targets assail a voluntary basis by the working community within each industry. so as to be effective Workplace Health Management must be supported knowledge, experience, and practice accumulated in three disciplines: occupational health, workplace health promotion, and environmental health. it’s important to ascertain WHM as a process not just for continuous improvement and health gain within the corporate, but also as a framework for involvement between various agencies within the community. It offers a platform for cooperation between the local authorities and business leaders on community development through the development of public and environmental health.
The Healthy Workplace setting – a cornerstone of the Community Action Plan.
The Luxembourg Declaration of the ECU Union Network for Workplace Health Promotion defined WHP because the combined effort of employers, employees, and society to enhance the health and well-being of individuals at work
This can be achieved through a mixture of:
Improving the work organization and therefore the working environment
Promoting active participation of employees in health activities
Encouraging personal development
Workplace health promotion is seen within the EU network Luxembourg Declaration as a contemporary corporate strategy that aims at preventing ill-health at work and enhancing health-promoting potential and well-being within the workforce. Documented benefits for workplace programs include decreased absenteeism, reduced cardiovascular risk, reduced health care claims, decreased staff turnover, decreased musculoskeletal injuries, increased productivity, increased organizational effectiveness, and therefore the potential of a return on investment.
However, many of those improvements require the sustained involvement of employees, employers, and society within the activities required to form a difference. this is often achieved through the empowerment of employees enabling them to form decisions about their own health. Occupational Health Advisors (OHA) is well placed to hold out needs assessment for health promotion initiatives with the working populations they serve, to prioritize these initiatives alongside other occupational health and safety initiatives that can be underway, and to coordinate the activities at the enterprise level to make sure that initiatives which are planned are delivered. within the past occupational health services are involved within the assessment of fitness to figure and in assessing levels of disability for insurance purposes for several years.
The concept of maintaining working ability, within the otherwise healthy working population, has been developed by some innovative occupational health services. In some cases, these efforts are developed in response to the growing challenge caused by the aging workforce and therefore the ever-increasing cost of Social Security. OHA’s have often been at the forefront of those developments.
There is a requirement to develop further the main target of all occupational health services to incorporate efforts to take care of workability and to stop non-occupational workplace preventable conditions by interventions at the workplace. this may require some occupational health services to become more pro-actively involved in workplace health promotion, without reducing the eye paid to prevent occupational accidents and diseases. OHA’s, with their close contact with employees, sometimes over a few years, are in a good position to plan, deliver and evaluate health promotion and maintenance of labor ability interventions at the workplace.
Health promotion at work has grown in importance over the last decade as employers and employees recognize the respective benefits. Working people spend about half their non-sleeping day at work and this provides a perfect opportunity for workers to share and receive various health messages and for employers to make healthy working environments. The scope of health promotion depends upon the requirements of every group.
Some of the foremost common health promotion activities are smoking reducing activities, healthy nutrition or workout programs, prevention and abatement of drug and alcohol abuse.
However, health promotion can also be directed towards other social, cultural, and environmental health determinants, if the people within the corporate consider that these factors are important for the development of their health, well-being, and quality of life. during this case factors like improving work organization, motivation, reducing stress and burnout, introducing flexible working hours, personal development plans and career enhancement can also help to contribute to the overall health and well-being of the working community.
The Healthy Community setting additionally to occupational health and workplace health promotion there’s also another important aspect to Workplace Health Management. it’s associated with the impact that every company may wear the encompassing ambient environment, and thru pollutants or products or services provided to others, its impact on distant environments. Remember how far the consequences of the Chernobyl Nuclear accident in 1986 affected whole neighboring countries.
Although the environmental health impact of companies is controlled by different legislation thereto which applies to Health and Safety at work, there’s a robust relationship between safeguarding the working environment, improving work organization and dealing culture within the corporate, and its approach to environmental health management.
Many leading companies already combine occupational health and safety with environmental health management to optimally use the available human resources within the corporate and to avoid duplication of effort. Occupational health nurses can make a contribution towards environmental health management, particularly in those companies that don’t employ environmental health specialists.
Coming up. Key steps in developing New Workplace Health Policies
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